Intelligences (1999) organizations Horney’s about three trend with regards to the about three centers: system, rational, and mental, and brands them Defenders, Attachers, and you may Detachers. She refers to these kinds since “three type of methods to be; about three wider activities away from behavior; about three primal, easy to use motives driving just how someone are employed in the world.” (1999, p. 17)
A great deal more theories?
Attachers live-in a difficult ecosystem. They wish to learn where it stay mentally about someone else. Its dominant concern is recognition. He or she is determined citas ets gratis from the the way they feel about by themselves, the feelings away from others, and how they show up across the to help you others. Levine towns Enneagram models A couple, Three, and you may Four inside class.
New Attachers, whoever interest is outside-brought and you will exactly who circulate into some one, sound right of, and work with the nation, compliment of connection to people and dating
The interest out of Detachers was interior-led as well as move away from somebody. They make sense of, and work with, the nation from the inside its lead. The fresh mental perspective ’s the Detachers’ environment. And make sense of the country using intellectual process and you can affairs was their central preoccupations. Its rational things were imagining, conceptualizing, dreaming, examining, and you may synthesizing. They generate records, concern details, and hook details. Issues Four, Half a dozen, and you may Seven fall-in right here.
Levine refers to new Defenders just like the which have thinking-protective appeal. It move (brush right up) facing some body. They generate feeling of, and you may work with, the nation that have an attention to intrapersonal area and you will limits. The Defenders’ environment are a human anatomy-founded framework. Their setting of being are instinctual. They know of one’s limitations doing on their own and would like to expose their area. Situated in instinct thoughts, they generate their presence noticed and you can present the limitations when you are confrontational and combative, stubborn and you can passive-aggressive, otherwise vital and you may judgmental. Situations Eight, Nine, plus one can be found right here.
It has been a sampling of a few authors about how precisely Karen Horney’s about three styles might correlate on the Enneagram appearances. It’s meant to be illustrative, maybe not thorough. Where do we go from here? Even though you indeed will never have sufficient paradigms, ultimately hypotheses must be looked facing some facts. Empiricism brings up its medical head.
There is an email list, this new Horney-Coolidge Form of Indicator, crafted by Frederick Coolidge, Ph.D. to measure Horney’s around three sorts of someone. It is a 57 items, around three size index, counted on a great Likert size between rarely to help you almost constantly suits me. It absolutely was normed on 630 anyone, 315 women and you can 315 people, which have a median ages of 21, anywhere between 16 so you’re able to 93 ages. The inner measure reliabilities (alpha) and you may decide to try-retest reliabilities may include .78 in order to .92, that is some acceptable. Only a few legitimacy studies are reported throughout the short-term tips guide.
One thing study of your around three scales found a about three grounds solution during the each one of the scales. The latest Aggessive Type of scale revealed things away from malevolence, electricity, and you may fuel. And also the Detachment Particular level lead elements off requirement for aloneness, protection, and you may mind-sufficiency.
Dr. Coolidge is extremely generously giving permission to replicate their shot to have research intentions. The guy teaches about therapy department of one’s College or university from Colorado and can getting called in the or at (719) 262-4146.
We have not used their device, but really, however, having looked over those things, my personal booking is the fact that his Compliant size procedures Twos, brand new Aggressive scale tips Eights, together with Withdrawal scale methods Fives, do you know the Enneagram models that every obviously correspond to Horney’s around three styles first off. I ask yourself whether the other six Enneagram versions carry out just like the undoubtedly recommend any of these fashion once the counted through this inventory. Nonetheless it is a-start along the red brick street off browse.